SAARC : : Overview : : Cities : : Culture : : Places to Visit : : Heritage : : Information : : Kabul Express
SAARC Tourism Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan
Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan
Afghanistan

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Afghanistan OverView



Get an overview of Afghanistan with us. With our assistance get yourself apprised with various facets of the country. Go through these pages and you would know Afghanistan better.

History
Geographic location and ethnic population have always played major role in determining history of Afghanistan. Humans had started living in Afghanistan at least 50,000 years ago. During the course of history, Afghanistan went through several phases such as Before Islamic Conquest era, Post Islamic Conquest era, times of European Influence, Age of King Amanullah, Pre Soviet Era, period of Soviet Intervention, Civil War, Rise and Fall of Taliban, and Era of Free Afghanistan.

Economy
Afghanistan Overview Agriculture and herding are the main occupations of the people of Afghanistan. The country has fair deposits of mineral wealth which remain unexploited. Afghanistan exports fruits, nuts, lambskins, gemstones and handwoven carpets. It imports machinery, manufactured goods, petroleum products and foodstuffs. Transport infrastructure of the country is in poor state.

Geography & Climate
Afghanistan is a mountainous country with the exception of south-west region. Most of the country is covered by undulating valleys and tall mountains. The country shares borders with Pakistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China. Climate of Afghanistan is hugely varied, experiencing extremes of climate.

Language
Most popular language of Afghanistan is Dari, Afghan version of Persian language. Officially, Dari, Pashtu, Uzbeki, Turkmeni and 30 minor languages are spoken in Afghanistan. Most Afghan are capable of speaking in two languages.

Map
Map presented by us would be helpful in understanding the country. It would aid you while planning to visit the country.

Government
Learn about the system of governance in Afghanistan. The country has been a loosily held conglomeration of several ethnic groups, which were self-governed based on traditions. Modern system of governance has been recently introduced in Afghanistan. The democratic government is trying hard to develop administrative structure and finance of state.

Rivers & Lakes
Kabul, Amu Darya, Harirud and Helmand are the main rivers of Afghanistan. These rivers are mostly supported by mountain streams. In spring season, these rivers have good amount of water. As for lakes, Afghanistan does not have great number of them. Mentionable lakes in Afghanistan are Lake Zarkol along the Tajikistan border, Lake Shiveh in Badakhshan, and saltwater Lake Istadehye Moqor, south of Ghazni.

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