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Monuments in Afghanistan



Afghanistan has been under various religious, political and social influences in the past. Its colorful history has strains of Hindu and Buddhist influences, while Islamic impact has remained dominant. This pattern has shown itself in monuments of the country. Whatever remained of the Hindu and Buddhist strains has been obliterated by the fanatics. Most monuments in Afghanistan are currently in dilapidated state due to unending conflict. However the new government is trying to refurbish them.

Balkh
Shrine of Hazrat Ali (Roza Mubarik), Mosque of Nine Cupolas (No-Gonbad Mosque) Top-i-rustam & Takht-i-Rustam are the monuments of Balkh city. Tomb of Hazrat Ali is known for its Mughal architecture and ornamented inscriptions. Thousands of the faithful visit the Mosque of Nine Cupolas, also known as Khoja Piada.

Bamiyan
Monuments in Afghanistan Two giant Buddha idols, 38 metres and 53 metres high respectively, carved out in hillls were top attractions in Bamiyan, but they were destroyed by the Taliban. Shahr-e Golgola is a fort located in Bamiyan valley. Shahr-e-Zohak or Red Town is a fortress built entirely of sun dried clay.

Ghazni
Ghazni was once the capital of the empire of Mahmoud of Ghazni. It hosted a string of historical monuments, and it still does. Monuments in Ghazni are Mausoleum of Sultan Mahmud, Palace of Sultan Mas'ud III, the citadel and the minarets. The Mausoleum is elegantly carved with Afghan marble.

Herat
Herat was among the most impressive towns of ancient Afghanistan. Monuments in Herat are Palace of Sultan Mas'ud III, the citadel (Qala-i-Ikhtiyar-ud-din), Mousallah Complex, Minarets of Sultan Baigara, Gazar Gah, Chisht-i-Sharif and Tomb of Jami. Masjet-e-Jam or Blue Mosque is an important pilgrimage centre in Afghanistan. It is also important from architectural point of view. In Chisht-i-Sharif, you can see two famous domes of Chisht.

Kabul
Monument, mausoleums and mosques in Capital Kabul are Kabul Bala Hisar, ARG Citadel Abdur Rahman Mausoleum, Mausoleum of Timur Shah, Mausoleum of Nadir Shah, Id Gah Mosque, Shah-Do-Shamshira Mosque, Pul-e Khishti Mosque and Sherpur Mosque.

Kandahar
Mosques and mausoleums of Kandahar are Chilzina, Mausoleum of Ahmad Shah Durrani and Shrine of Baba Wali.

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