Afghan version of Persian language, is the most spoken language in
Afghanistan. Official languages of Afghanistan are Dari 50%, Pashtu 35%,
Turkic languages (primarily Uzbek and Turkmen) 11%, and 30 minor languages,
more popular among whom are Turkish languages like Turkmen and Uzbek. Most
people in Afghanistan are bilingual.
Here is brief information about two brief languages of Afghanistan, Dari
Dari Persian is spoken in the provinces of Herat, Hazarajat, Balkh, Ghor,
Ghazni, Budaksham, Panjsher, Galcha-Pamir Mountains and several regions of
Kabul. Various dialects of Dari are Afghan Farsi, Herati, Tajiki and Kabuli.
Word 'Dari' relates to word 'Dara' or 'Valley'. Language Dari was born in
Khorasan, a mountainous land where valleys were abundant. Name Dari referes
to the language spoken by the people of valleys. Dari belongs to the group
of western Iranian languages. Dari in Afghanistan is written in Arabic
script, and has enriched itself with vast Arabic vocabulary.
More than 9 million people in Afganistan speak Pashto. Major Pashto
speaking towns in Afghanistan include Capital Kabul and Kandahar. Pashto
belongs to East Iranian group of languages. Pashto has two major dialects:
Western Pashto spoken in Afghanistan, and Eastern Pashto spoken in
North-Eastern Afghanistan. In Kandahar, southern Pashto dialect is spoken.
Pashto has extensive writing tradition. Pashto has long tradition of classic
poets, most notable among whom is Khoshal Khan Khattak, considered as
national poet of Afghanistan. Thousands of two and four line folk poems are
also part and parcel of Pashto.
Turkmen and Uzbek are more popular among minor languages of Afghanistan.
Other languages are Aimaq, Arabic (Tajiki Spoken), Ashkun, Azerbaijani,
Balochi, Brahui, Darwazi, Gawar-Bati, Gujari, Hazaragi, Jakati, Kamviri,
Karakalpak, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Malakhel, Mogholi, Pashayi,
Sanglechi-Ishkashimi, Tangshewi, Tatar, Tirahi, Uyghur, Waigali, Wakhi,
Warduji and Wotapuri-Katarqali.
Approximate 500,000 people in Afghanistan speak Turkmen. It is spoken along
the border of Turkmenistan, in Faryab and Badghis provinces.
About 1,400,000 or 9% people in the country speak Uzbek. It is spoken in
several places of North Afghanistan, especially Fariab province. Arabic
script is used.