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Kabul Museum



Kabul Museum was once considered the most comprehensive record of Central Asian history. Also known as Afghanistan National Museum, Kabul museum was one of the most famous archaeological sites in Afghanistan. Built in 1920, the museum was home to some of the finest collections in central Asia. Many antiquities from Kushan, early Buddhism and early Islam have been hosted by the museum. Some early manuscripts, miniatures, weapons and art objects belonging to former royal families were stored here. Almost 90% of the artifacts in the museum were excavated in Afghanistan and formed a complete historical record of the great cultural crossroad of Asia.

Museum Displays
Some of the best antiques of Persia, India, China, Central Asia, Greece and the Arabs were once stored in the Kabul museum. One of the largest displays in the museum was Bagram collection. Bagram collection was discovered in 1939, while excavating the Kushan fort. It consisted an amazing array of 1,800 pieces from India, Greece, Rome and the whole Central Asia. The Kabul Museum also had one of the largest displays of Greek and Roman coins found near Kabul. This collection was a historical treasure, as it contained coins from numerous civilizations dating from the 8th century B.C. to the late 19th century. Some of the most elegant relics from Alexandria, Ashokan, Akhamansheed, Greek, Buddhist, Kanishkan, Zoroastrian and Muslim periods had been preserved in the Kabul museum. Many of the coins and artifacts here had been dated back from the 8th century B.C. to the late 19th century.

Kabul Museum after Destruction
Kabul museum was one of the richest cultural repository of the world but the historical treasures of the museum were destroyed and looted by the Taliban. The upper galleries of the museum were destroyed completely. The artifacts in the museum were looted later. Looted artifacts were sold illegally in the world market at high prices. In 1994, the United Nations initiated to stop the looting by repairing the doors, and bricking up the windows. But at that time 90% of te museum artifacts were looted.

Renovation of Museum
The museum is being renovated with the help of foreign countries. Efforts are being made to restore the museum's collections. Organisations like CEREDAF, a French NGO, Museum Guimet of Frant, the British Museum and the SPACH are jointly working to restore the glory of Kabul Museum.

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