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Ghazni Travel



Ghazni, closest Afghan town to Kabul, was both economicaly and militarily important. The city has the honor of being the capital of the empire of Mahmoud of Ghazni. During those times, Ghazni hosted best poets, musicians, artists and scientists from the region. Ghazni was a historical and cultural center in Afghanistan. Ghazni of today is a shadow of the glorious past.

Located on the Kabul-Kandahar trade route, Ghazni is a trade center for sheep, wool, camel hair cloth, corn, and fruits. World famed Afghan sheepskin coats are made in the city.

History
Ghazni was prime center for Buddhism during 7th century AD. When Arabs arrived in the area they brought Islam in the city. The city was completely destroyed by saffarids later. Ghazni was the capital of the Ghaznavid Empire (994-1160) and the center for south central Asia. It was again sacked and rebuilt by the mysterious Ghorids in 1151. In 1221 Ghenghis Kahn raged the city with his Mongol army.

Ghazni is also famous for its minarets. They date from the middle of the twelfth century and are the surviving element of the mosque of Bahramshah. Their sides are decorated with geometric patterns. Upper sections of the minarets have been damaged or destroyed.

Travel Attractions In Ghazni

Mausoleum of Sultan Mahmud
Tomb of Mahmud Ghazni is located here. He turned the former provincial city of Ghazni into the wealthy capital of his grandiose empire. Modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, most of Iran and parts of northwest India were conqurered by him. His grave is located in the Bahg-i-Firuzi, the Victory Garden. The garden was personal favorite of the Sultan. Whole tomb stone is elegnatly carved with Afghan marble and represents an exquisite example of baroque architecture.

Palace of Sultan Mas'ud III
Sultan Masud built this palace as a court for him. The palace was built in 112 A.D. Sultam Masud was one of the most famous conquerors of the history. He was born in Ghazni in 1061. He ruled for years, carried the title Sultan and made several successful campaigns against various other rulers. He ruled from 1099 to 1114 A.D. The palace is a magnificent building with splendid architecture. The building includes a throne room, several soldier quarters, government offices and a mosque. The mosque has been built for religious purpose and it has minarets and beautiful gardens intensifying the beauty of the royal apartment.

The Citadel
The fort was destroyed completely during the first Anglo- Afghan war. It was one of the milestones of Afghanistan's royal history. It was rebuilt again but never attained its glamor and previous splendor. Around the foot of the citadel the old city of Ghazni was clustered around but now a days city has lost its glory. Most of the interior is ruined. The citadel is not open for public now a days.

The Minarets
The Minarets were built by Sultan Masud III (1099-1114) and Bahram Shah (1118-1152). The construction of the building was inspired by the Qutub Minar in Delhi. The interior is highly ornamented with the scripts in Nokshi The roofs are decorated with variety of floral and geometric designs. These buildings served as mosques. The minarets also are not in their original form now a days. Only a certain part has been preserved.

Museum of Islamic Art
The museum presents a marvelous example of 16th century Timurid architecture. The museum is located in the restored mausoleum of Sultan Abdul Raazaq. It was reopened in 1966. It has a large collection of objects from Ghaznavid period. depicting art and culture of the period. Artifacts like ceramic tiles bronze articles, glass wares etc are stored in the museum. One peculiar feature of the museum is the collection of articles formed by use of human and animal formation. Generally this feature of the museum is totally unfamiliar with the Islamic art.

Tapa Sardar Excavations
The site acquired its name 'Tapa Sardar' when Amir Habibullah chose this site for a camp site. Exploratory excavation carried on at Tapa Sardar from 1959 to 1962 identified a stupa complex. The towering central stupa in 22 meters square is the key attraction of the complex.

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