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SAARC Tourism Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan
Afghanistan Afghanistan Afghanistan
Afghanistan

Sri Lanka

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Bhutan

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Afghanistan


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Geography of Afghanistan



Geographical Terrain
Hindu Kush mountain range segregates Afghanistan east to west. In the east, they rise to height of 24,000 ft (7315m). Afghanistan is a mountainous country barring the south-west. Tall snow-carpeted mountains and deep valleys occupy most part of the country. Near the sourthern border with Afghanistan are large areas of sandy desert. Four major river systems of the country are Amu Darya, Helmand, Hari Rud and Kabul.

Borders
Border Neighboring Country/Countries
East and South Pakistan
West Iran
North Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan
Extreme North east China


Climate
Geography of Afghanistan Climate of Afghanistan is immensely varied. The country experiences extremes of climate. Afghanistan on the whole is dry, falling under desert classification. Summers are hot and dry, while winters are cold and snowy. Roughly snow season falls in mountains in October-April. However, it varies with elevation. Various regions of the country have significant regional variations. North-east region has subarctic climate with dry, cold winters, while the areas adjacent to Pakistan border are influenced by Indian monsoons. In south-west, strong winds blow during summer.

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