Hindu Kush mountain range segregates Afghanistan east to west. In the east,
they rise to height of 24,000 ft (7315m). Afghanistan is a mountainous
country barring the south-west. Tall snow-carpeted mountains and deep
valleys occupy most part of the country. Near the sourthern border with
Afghanistan are large areas of sandy desert. Four major river systems of the
country are Amu Darya, Helmand, Hari Rud and Kabul.
|East and South
||Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan
|Extreme North east
Climate of Afghanistan is immensely varied. The country experiences
extremes of climate. Afghanistan on the whole is dry, falling under desert
classification. Summers are hot and dry, while winters are cold and snowy.
Roughly snow season falls in mountains in October-April. However, it varies
with elevation. Various regions of the country have significant regional
variations. North-east region has subarctic climate with dry, cold winters,
while the areas adjacent to Pakistan border are influenced by Indian
monsoons. In south-west, strong winds blow during summer.