food is tasteful fusion of the regions that neighbor Afghanistan. Major
ethnic groups are Pashtuns, Tajiks and Uzbeks. Modern Afghan cuisine is the
blending of the cooking methods of the cooking methods of the three.
Influence of India is obvious in the use of spices like saffron, coriander,
cardamom and black pepper. The Afghans prefer cuisine which is neither too
spicy nor hot.
It is the most popular dish of Afghanistan. It is
steamed rice with chops of raisins and carrot. It is often served with lamb.
Other variants of pulao are also available in Afghanistan. People eat it
with meat, vegetables orbeans.
Lamb kabab is a favorite of the Afghans. Afghan kabab is
mostly served with naan, and rarely rice. Lamb chops, ribs, kofta (ground
beef) and chicken kababs are served in good Kabul restaurants.
Qormas are veru popular among Afghan people. Onions are fried
and meats, fruits, spices or vegetables are added to them.
Mantu are steamed dumplings fattened with minced onion beef.
Soups made of variety of items are very popular in
Afghanistans. These soups are locally known as shorma.
Variety of Breads:
Usually, Afghans consume three types of bread.
These breads are locally called Naan, Obi Naan and Lavash. Naan is made of
wheat and is thin, long and oval shaped. Obi Naan is shaped like a disk and
is thicker than naan. Lavash is very thin bread and used as plating for
meats and stews.
Afghans put in plenty of time and effor to prepare
their rice dishes. One popular rice dish is chalow.. Chalow is fluffy white
rice with each grain separated. The Afghans love to eat chalow with Qormas.
Khameerbob (pasta) is a popular native dish. It is
prepared for special occasions at home. Mantu is a Uzbek dish while Ashak is
a Kabul dish.
Fresh and dried fruits are inseparable part of Afghan food.
Afghanistan produces high quality fruits particularly grapes, apricots,
pomegrenates, melons, plums and berries. Exceptional varieties of oranges
also grow in Afghanistan. Melons of Mazar-e-Sharif, oranges of Jalalabad,
grapes and pomegranates of Kandahar are famous. Walnuts, almonds, pistachios
and pine nuts are also very popular in the country.
The Afghans like dairy products like yogurt and
Common drink in Afghanistan is tea (chai).
Some popular dishes in Afghanistan cuisine menu are Afghan Kofta
(meatballs), Nan-i-Afghan (Afghan bread), Quroot (dried yogurt), Osh Pyozee
(stuffed onions), Sher Berinj (rice pudding), Qabli Pulao (traditional rice
dish), Mantu (meat dumplings), Dampukht (steamed rice) and Kababs (skewed
Habits of Eating
Afghan people are fond of non-vegetarian dishes. Usually they don't use
cutlery. Food is gulped with righ hand, using nan (a kind of bread) as
scoop. The Afghans treat their guests with great respect and try to serve
their guests with as good food as they can provide.