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Bamiyan Travel



Bamiyan is the main town in the namesake Bamiyan province. Giant devastated Budha's of Bamiyan are the main tourist attractions of the city. The Bamiyan valley is the most picturesque area in the region. A quite isolated city, it is located about 240 km west of Kabul. It is a calm and serene city of Afghanistan lying in the lap of nature depicting the extraordinary cultural diversity of Afghaniatn.

History
Bamiyan valleys offer the ancient caves of Kushan Dynasty. The city was first mentioned in the 5th Century A.D. The ancient and internationaly recognised Bamiyan Budha owes its origin to the visit of Chinese travelers Fa-hien around 400 A.D. and Hsuan-tsang in 630 A.D. Islam came into existence in the region in 7th century. The city bloomed in the reign of Kanishka. Muslim conquerers captured Bamiyan in 871AD. Genghis Khan devasated the city in 1221,. After that the civil war in Afghanistan between the English and Afghans torn the city. Now a days the city is counted among the poorest region of Afghanistan.

Travel Attractions
Bamiyan Travel Number of tourists has reduced since the Taliban came into existence in Afghanistan. The travel sites in the city are as follows

Bamiyan Valley and Budha Bamiyan
Located in the heart of Hindu Kush region, Bamiyan Valley is one of the most beautiful regions of Afghansitan. The valley was once considerd as the most sacred region for the Buddhism followers in Afghanistan. A lot of tourists visited the place for ritual puposes. The two Budha idols of Bamiyan were destroyed by the Taliban in 2001. Only the ruins of the historical monuments are there now a days. The two giant Budhas were 38 meters and 53 meters in height. The surface of the statues were built with mud and straw. The larger statue was painted in dark red and the smaller one was painted with multiple colors. The statues were covered with plaster and moulded to provide them various expressions.

UNESCO cosolidated the site by including it in the UNESCO world heritage list. There are around 750 caves flourishing the valley. In the blooming period of the valley the caves used to house monks in the area. Caves are decorated with Budhist frescoes and enormous wall paintings. The monument was one of the best from Western Asia before destruction.

Band- e Amir Lake
Known as the wonderful lake all over the world Band-e-Amir lake is located in Yakawlang district. The turquoise -azur colored water is quite refreshing to make you chill. The color of the water is pretty changeable as the sun moves over the lake surface. Deep blue color of the water is exceptional world wide for its color. You can also live in the camps at the lake area which is thrilling in itself.

Shahr-e Golgola
It is the main fort located in Bamiyan Valley. It was once one of the most prosperous cities og Afghansitan. The citadel was almost destroyed by Gengjis Khan in 1221. Due to its gloomy history the name Shahr-e Golgola, 'City of Screams' was derived. The Mangols used to call it as Mao Balegh, the cursed city.

Shahr-e-Zohak (Red Town)
Ruins of the red town lie below the Bamiyan Valley. The grandoiose fortress was bulit completely of sun dried clay. It was a leading defense for the Baiyan valley for centuries. It was home to 3000 people in its blooming stage. Later on it was destroyed by the foreign marauders.
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