town of Balkh, an ancient city of Afghanistan has a very glorious past. One
of the oldest towns in the world, the city is also known as the birthplace
of Prophet Zoroaster. The city later on gained wealth and fame as Bactria.
Balkh is also known as the home of Rabia Balkhi, the first woman poet of
Islamic period. Mauwlana Jalal-ud-din Balkhi (Rumi), the most distinguished
Sufi poet of Afghanistan was also born in Balkh. City was also an important
trade route in the ancient times. Location of Balkh is in northern
Afghanistan , close to Mazar-i-Sharif.
Arabs arrived in the city during 8th century and marked it as an important
trade center. Alexander the Great founded a Greek colony here and later the
city was known as Bactria. During the whole period of Alexander the Great,
the region was acclaimed for its great wealth and glory. In the early
centuries the city was also renowned for its Buddhist monasteries and
stupas. Later it attained great importance as the center of Islam. During
the rule of the amanid Dynasty about 40 Friday mosques stood within the
city. Balkh's glorious history ceased in 1220 A.D. when Genghis Khan invaded
the city and and left it with ruins.
In 1850, Balkh became part of the unified kingdom of Afghanistan. The new
city is now agricultural and commercial center of the city. Most of the part
of the city is now in ruins.
Travel Attractions in Balkh
Shrine of Hazrat Ali (Roza Mubarik), Mosque of Nine Cupolas (No-Gonbad
Mosque) Top-i-rustam & Takht-i-Rustam are the central attractions of the
Balkh city. Mazar-e-Sharif is one of the most prestigious and religious
cities in Afghanistan are located in Balkh. Balkh is a major trading center
famous for Karakul, a great variety of traditional Turkmen carpets and high
quality, long staple cotton. Tomb of Hazrat Ali is the monument with
ornamented incriptions and the best Mogul architecture. Mosque of Nine
Cupolas is visited by thousand of vistitors for relougious purpose. The
mosque is alos known as Khoja Piada.